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HOW DID THE BHARATEEYA-YOGA PRACTITIONERS USE TO HANDLE THE MAANAVA- DEFECATING AND OTHER SHAREERA-CLEANING PROCESSES?

Today, the modern and educated people the world over use modern facilities such as the modern commodes and toilet papers to handle their own defecating process in the belief that these are more efficient and healthier ways than the ones used by other people such as the Bhaarateeya people who used to and most of whom still clean their own anus by washing it their own hands.

But, is it really so?

Before attempting to answer this question, let us see the traditional Bhaarateeya way of cleaning the anus and the genital after having excreted, urinated or copulated.

According to the Shreemadadaeveebhaagwata, the following rules must be followed during the Excretion, Urination and Copulation processes by the learned Brahmin/person:

(i) One must go in the South-western direction beyond the distance up to which an arrows shot goes and excrete/urinate there only.
(ii) One must cover the excreta and surrounding soil with the grass.
(iii) One must keep quiet and cover their own heads while excreting.
(iv) One must not excrete if one is breathing faster due to the running for a while.
(v) One must not excrete or urinate on the tilled land, inside water-body, near pyre, on mountain, at dilapidated deity-temple, on the snake-hole, and on the green grass.
(vi) It is wrong to excrete and urinate in pits containing many organisms, paths used by people, while offering prayers in the morning and the evening, during meditation/chanting, while eating the food, and while brushing their own teeth.
(vii) It is prohibited to excrete and urinate during the worship of deities and ancestors, under the water-fall, during the sexual intercourse, and in the presence of the spiritual master.
(viii) One must chant or speak the following hymn/statement before excreting and urinating – “Deities, Reshhes, Peshachas (a type of ghosts), Uragas, and demons – all the beings may leave this place, please; because I want to excrete here”.
(ix) One must not look at the Air/Wind, the Fire, the Brahmin (Learned person), the Sun, the Water and the Gauu (Cow/Ray of the Sun) while excreting and urinating.
(x) One must excrete and urinate while facing the North direction in the day and the South direction in the night. One must cover the excreta with either the leaves or the grass.
(xi) One must take the soil from near/bank of the water body for purifying (anus or genital). Else, the learned person must use whatever type of the soil is available at a given place. One must fill the water in a container and use that water to clean (the anus or the genital).
(xii) One must not use the soil extracted from within the water-body, deity-temple of the family, termite-infested soil, rat-hole, and the left-over soil from the previous cleaning (of the anus or genital). All these five types of the soil are unacceptable.
(xiii) One must clean the anus two times; and the genital three times (after the sexual intercourse) as compared with the cleaning of the genital after the urination.
(xiv) One must apply the soil on the genital once and thrice on the hands after the urination.
One must apply the soil on the genital twice, the anus the five times, and the hands the eleven times after the excretion.
The learned person must wash their left foot first and then the right foot. Apply the soil four times on each feet.
The above rules are meant for the householder only. The Celibate must apply twice the soil used by the householder; the Vaanaprstha (Home-renouncer) must apply thrice the soil used by the householder; and the Sannyaasee (World-renouncer) must apply four times the soil used by the householder.
The size of the soil used for the cleaning by the Sannyaasee must be that of a fresh Gooseberry/Anwalaa.
The rule given above is used during the day-time only. In the night, the rule can be reduced to the half of the day time rule. For the ill-persons, the rule can be reduced to one-fourths of the day time rule. For the travellers the rule can be reduced to one-eighths of the day time rule.
For women, weak, and children there is no rule regarding the application of the soil. In their cases, they must keep applying the soil till the time such as the foul smell produced from the excretion and urination vanishes completely.
(xv) One must clean the excreta from their own anus with their own left hand only. It is improper to use the right hand.
The left hand must be used for cleaning all shareera-parts existing below the Navel and the right hand for those existing above the Navel.
(xvi) The learned person must not keep holding the water container while excreting or urinating.
(xvii) One must drink only water and eat nothing else for three nights in order to do the penance or else chant the Gaayatree mantra for re-purification of their own shareeras if they fail to follow the foregoing rules either due to their own laziness or some other reason.
(xviii) One must follow the cleaning process including the excretion and urination after taking into due consideration the factors such as the place, time, money, physical power/strength, and their own problems. Never be lazy in keeping in your own shareera clean.
(xix) One must do the gurgle twelve times after the excretion and the four times after the urination in order to purify their own shareeras. One must throw down the water slowly to their own left side after the gurgling. Then one must clean their own teeth respectfully/gently after having sipped a few drops of the water.

Dr Swaamee Aprtemaanandaa Jee’s scientific theory and explanation

(i) One must go in the South-western direction beyond the distance up to which an arrows shot goes and excrete/urinate there only.
- This was done to ensure that the person did these cleaning processes far away from the residential area and thereby keep the immediate surroundings around their own houses clean and free from diseases. The unattended defecation and urination causes diseases.
(ii) One must cover the excreta and surrounding soil with the grass.
- This is done to ensure that the excreta/waste decomposed properly and turned into natural manure, thereby helping the maintenance of greenery and cleanliness.
(iii) One must keep quiet and cover their own heads while excreting.
- This is done to maintain their own health.
(iv) One must not excrete if one is breathing faster due to the running for a while.
- This is so because the disturbed breathing process/tiredness disturbs the excretion/urination process.
(v) One must not excrete or urinate on the tilled land, inside water-body, at pyre-ground, on mountain, at dilapidated deity-temple, on the snake-hole, and on the green grass.
- This was done to maintain cleanliness and prevent soil pollution, water pollution and air pollution; for personal safety from snake-bites.
(vi) It is wrong to excrete and urinate in pits containing many organisms, paths used by people, while offering prayers in the morning and the evening, during meditation/chanting, while eating the food, and while brushing their own teeth.
- This was done to not disturb organisms/animals/people; not to pollute the pathways or living places; to maintain their own health; to ensure waste-disposal without any distractions; and to ensure full focus on spirituality without being distracted by the foul-smell of the waste.
(vii) It is prohibited to excrete and urinate during the worship of deities and ancestors, under the water-fall, during the sexual intercourse, and in the presence of the spiritual master.
- This was done to avoid polluting the water; to ensure full concentration on spirituality without any distraction.
(viii) One must chant or speak the following hymn/statement before excreting and urinating – “Deities, ऋषि Reshhes, पिशाच Peshachas (a type of ghosts), उरग Uragas, and demons – all the beings may leave this place, please; because I want to excrete here”.
- This was done to ensure that the small creatures/animals such as the rabbits, etc., ran away from the place on hearing the sound of the spoken words. This made it safer and easier to pass out the excreta and urine. Remember, in olden days, there used to be thick vegetation around the rural dwellings.
(ix) One must not look at the Air/Wind, the Fire, the Brahmin (Learned person), the Sun, the Water and the गौ Gauu (Cow/Ray of the Sun) while excreting and urinating.
- This was done to avoid getting disoriented due to the factors mentioned here; to avoid being cursed by the learned person (Brahmin).
(x) One must excrete and urinate while facing the North direction in the day and the South direction in the night. One must cover the excreta with either the leaves or the grass.
- This was done to avoid misalignment of the Maanava-shareera’s magnetism with the Earth’s magnetism; to ensure proper decomposition of the waste.
(xi) One must take the soil from near/bank of the water body for purifying (anus or genital). Else, the learned person must use whatever type of the soil is available at a given place. One must fill the water in a container and use that water to clean (the anus or the genital).
- This was done because the soil near the water-body is generally clean and pure; Flexibility was allowed because it always might not be possible to get such a soil; The provision of the water-container was to ensure that the person could clean the anus/genital immediately, then and there only, after having passed out the waste material besides ensuring that the waste material-particles didn’t fall on/stick to other Shareera-parts which would otherwise happen if the person were to get up and walk to fetch the water for cleaning purposes.
(xii) One must not use the soil extracted from within the water-body, deity-temple of the family, termite-infested soil, rat-hole, and the left-over soil from the previous cleaning (of the anus or genital). All these five types of the soil are unacceptable.
- This was done to ensure that no infecting organisms/bacteria/virus present in the soils mentioned above entered the shareera. The deity-temple soil was avoided probably as a mark of respect to their own deities.
(xiii) One must clean the anus two times; and the genital three times (after the sexual intercourse) as compared to the cleaning of the genital after the urination.
- This was done because of the differential requirements for cleaning the anus and genital in these processes.
(xiv) One must apply the soil on the genital once and thrice on the hands after the urination.
- This was done to differential cleaning requirements.
One must apply the soil on the genital twice, the anus the five times, and the hands the eleven times after the excretion.
- This was done to differential cleaning requirements.
The learned person must wash their left foot first and then the right foot.
- This was done due to differential priority of the impacts on the right and left hemispheres of the brain associated with to different function.
Apply the soil four times on each feet.
- This was done to differential cleaning requirements.
The above rules are meant for the householder only. The Celibate must apply twice the soil used by the householder; the Vaanaprstha (Home-renouncer) must apply thrice the soil used by the householder; and the Sannyaasee (World-renouncer) must apply four times the soil used by the householder.
- This was done to differential cleaning requirements.
The size of the soil used for the cleaning by the Sannyaasee must be that of a fresh Gooseberry/आँवला Anwalaa.
- This was done to ensure highest standard of the cleaning process.
The rule given above is used during the day-time only. In the night, the rule can be reduced to the half of the day time rule. For the ill-persons, the rule can be reduced to one-fourths of the day time rule. For the travellers the rule can be reduced to one-eighths of the day time rule.
- This was done to differential cleaning requirements.
For women, weak, and children there is no rule regarding the application of the soil. In their cases, they must keep applying the soil till the time such as the foul smell produced from the excretion and urination vanishes completely.
- This was done due to the supposedly differential abilities to maintain cleanliness and cleaning requirements.
(xv) One must clean the excreta from their own anus with their own left hand only. It is improper to use the right hand.
- This was done due to psychological reasons to maintain a sense of purity since most of the spiritual and other tasks such as writing, etc., in general, are performed by the right hand. It was to restrict occurrence of infections if any due to waste-material, only to one hand and not to let it spread it to the other hand.
The left hand must be used for cleaning all shareera-parts existing below the Navel and the right hand for those existing above the Navel.
- This was done due to psychological reasons to maintain a sense of purity since most of the spiritual and other tasks such as writing, etc., in general, are performed by the right hand. It was to restrict occurrence of infections if any due to touching waste-material or lower limbs, only to one hand and not to let it spread it to the other hand.
(xvi) The learned person must not keep holding the water-container while excreting or urinating.
- This was done to ensure that no undue stress/strain was put on the shareera which otherwise would cause inefficient passing out of the waste material.
(xvii) One must drink only water and eat nothing else for three nights in order to do the penance or else chant the Gaayatree mantra for re-purification of their own shareeras if they fail to follow the foregoing rules either due to their own laziness or some other reason.
- This was done to stop the generation of waste material in the shareera. This would obviously mean reduced number of times needed to excrete or urinate. Which means regaining of the purification of the shareera.
(xviii) One must follow the cleaning process including the excretion and urination after taking into due consideration the factors such as the place, time, money, physical power/strength, and their own problems.
- This was done to ensure Flexibility because it always might not be possible to get all the ideal conditions.
Never be lazy in keeping in your own shareera clean.
- This was done to keep reminding of the importance of the cleanliness.
(xix) One must do the  gurgle twelve times after the excretion and the four times after the urination in order to purify their own shareeras.
- This ensures good health by ensuring that the harmful bacteria, virus and other organisms don’t enter the shareera.
One must throw down the water slowly to their own left side after the gurgling.
- This was done to avoid getting pain in the neck or the water stuck in the epiglottis which otherwise would happen if the water were to be thrown down with a jerk. Why only to the left? Possibly because of its resultant impact on the two hemispheres of the Maanava-brain.
Then one must clean their own teeth respectfully/gently after having sipped a few drops of the water.
- The gulping down a few sips of the water ensures proper functioning of the mouth-environment and associated muscles.

~ Dr Swaamee Aprtemaanandaa Jee
(Fotos/Drawings: Courtesy the Google, Gita Press Gorakhpur)
THE MAIN REFERENCE MATERIAL

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