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Also, all these seven days are associated with seven different deities who are offered worship on the concerned day for achieving or fulfilling different desires.
According to the ShevPuraann, the almighty Lord Shev imagined and created seven days of a week in order to enable the Maanavas to perform the DaevYagy or the ritual for worshipping different lesser Gods/Goddesses or deities.
The chanting of hymns of different deities only on the designated days yields the desired results to the worshipper. For example, chanting of the Laxmee hymns results into wealth for the worshipper only if it is done on the Somvaar, the designated day for Laxmee and not on any other day.
The complete details, in brief, of the seven days in the Hindi language are as follows:
(1) The RAVEVAAR
The first VAAR or day of a week is called the Ravevaar named after the planet the SURYA or Sun who is the controlling planet. This day is called the Sunday in the English language.
Lord Shev himself is the presiding deity of the Ravevaar.
This day is meant for achieving the AAROGY or perfect Health by worshipping the RAVE or Sun. This results into extraordinary positive benefits, especially the erosion/ending of the worshipper’s sins.
On this day, the worshipper is supposed to offer special gifts to other Gods/Goddesses and Brahmins.
(2) The SOMVAAR
The second VAAR or day of a week is called the Somvaar named after the planet the SOM or Moon who is the controller of the Somvaar. This day is called the Monday in the English language.
This day is meant for achieving the SAMPTTE or Wealth by worshipping Laxmee.
On this day, the worshipper is supposed to offer worship to the Goddess Laxmee. The worshipper must feed delicious Ghee or refined-buttered food to Brahmins.
(3) The MANGLVAAR
The third VAAR or day of a week is called the Manglvaar named after the planet the MANGL or Mars who is the controller of the Manglvaar. This day is called the Tuesday in the English language.
This day is meant for getting rid of diseases, especially those afflicting the children, by worshipping the Goddess KAALEE, the presiding deity.
On this day, the worshipper is supposed to offer worship to the Goddess Kaalee. The worshipper must feed delicious food containing UDDAD, MUUNG and ARHR pulses to Brahmins.
(4) The BUDDHVAAR
The fourth VAAR or day of a week is called the Buddhvaar named after the planet the Buddh or Mercury who is the controller of the Buddhvaar. He is the controller of the Buddhe or Intellect. This day is called the Wednesday in the English language.
This day is meant for getting physical strength/prowess; riddance of laziness and sins; and well-being of one’s own son, friends and other acquaintances by worshipping the God VESHNNU, the presiding deity. He is sustains the all forms of life in the Universe.
On this day, the worshipper is supposed to offer food containing Curd to VESHNNU.
(5) The GURUUVAAR
The fifth VAAR or day of a week is called the Guruvaar named after the planet the Brhspate or Jupiter who is the controller of the Guruvaar. He is the Guruu or teacher to the Gods/Goddesses. This day is called the Thursday in the English language.
This day is meant for increasing one’s own physical longevity or span of life by worshipping the God Brhmaa, the presiding deity, who is responsible for life spans. He is the creator of the Maanavas.
On this day, the worshipper is supposed to offer the Dresses, Ygopweet (sacred thread worn across the shareer from right shoulder downwards to the left side of the waist), and Kheer (a dish made of milk, sugar and rice) containing the Ghee in worship to the God Brhmaa and other Gods/Goddesses.
(6) The SHUKRVAAR
The sixth VAAR or day of a week is called the Shukrvaar named after the planet the SHUKR or Venus who is the controller of the Shukrvaar. This day is called the Friday in the English language.
This day is meant for getting pleasures, comforts of all sort by worshipping the God Indr, the presiding deity.
On this day, the worshipper is supposed to offer worship to other Gods/Goddesses, and six types of food with a different taste in worship to the Brahmins. Also, beautiful dresses, jewellery and other items used by women must be offered to some ladies.
(7) The SHANEVAAR
The seventh VAAR or day of a week is called the Shanevaar named after the planet SHANE or Saturn who is the controller of the Shanevaar Yamavaar. This day is called the Saturday in the English language.
This day is meant for getting rid of the occurrence of untimely death by worshipping the God Rudr and other Gods/Goddesses.
The worship is meant to avoid the wrath of Yama, the God of the Death.
On this day, the worshipper must satisfy Gods/Goddesses by conducting the HOM with the TELS, and giving alms. Thereafter, the worshipper must feed delicious food containing TELS to Brahmins, also.
Dr Swaamee Aprtemaanandaa Jee’s scientific theory and explanation
There are solid reasons for the division of the week into seven days and their nomenclature in the Hindi language as enumerated below:
(1) The Maanavas have several desires for fulfilling which they worship Gods/Goddesses. The offering of the worship for different desires on different designated days is primarily due to the easiness of solving a problem/task by dividing it into several smaller parts instead of trying to solve it wholly at one go. Thus, it is easier to focus on one desire a day rather than all the seven primary desires in one day.
(2) Different deities and Planets symbolise different abilities, skills and qualities. The worshipper psychologically speaking tries to imbibe the quality associated with the designated duo of the particular day, i.e., the planet and the deity.
For example, the worshipper’s brain is imbibing the qualities associated with Laxmee and Som during the worship of Laxmee on the Somvaar. Consequently, the worshipper subconsciously and unconsciously develops the requisite qualities, abilities, skills, attitudes and behaviour that is conducive to motivating and making the worshipper to generate wealth of any kind, i.e., money, assets, etc. The Som symbolises the importance cool, i.e., a shopkeeper maintaining cool temper despite the customer behaving rudely.
(3) The equal time-spacing and repetition every seventh day of all the days/Vaars means that all the primary seven Maanava desires have full significance and are treated as such.
However, further research is suggested.
~ Dr Swaamee Aprtemaanandaa Jee
(fotos: Courtesy The Gita Press Gorakhpur, The Google, Dr Swaamee Aprtemaanandaa Jee)
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