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The Western psychologists aren’t aware of the much better Shev’s hierarchy of aspirations model that is implicit in the conce....
They accord great importance to the Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model to explain as to what it is that motivates Maanavas.
Abraham Maslow says that each individual behaves the way they behave, only in order to satisfy their own certain needs.
Dr Swaamee Aprtemaanandaa Jee’s scientific theory and explanation
Let’s understand the concepts of the NEED and DESIRE/ASPIRATION before delving further into the Shev’s hierarchy of aspirations model.
WHAT DOES MOTIVATE A PERSON – THE NEED OR THE DESIRE/THE ASPIRATION?
The word NEED indicates a necessity, compulsion or urgency which cannot be avoided at all. One can’t escape it. One has to fulfil it by indulging in a certain behaviour associated with it.
The words DESIRE and ASPIRATION suggest, on the other hand, that a person wishes to have something which may or may not be a necessity in itself. The person can avoid having it if they choose to do so.
The Abraham Maslow’s model suggests that the first and second needs of any individual are physiological and the physical safety of their own Maanav shareer respectively. A person shall not feel motivated to achieve higher goals such as the self-realisation if their own physical safety is jeopardised in the process.
However, a practical examination of the general behaviour of Maanavas shows that the Abraham Maslow’s model isn’t correct wholly.
For example, a soldier goes to the battlefield fully aware of a serious threat to their own safety from the enemy soldiers.
The Abraham Maslow’s model implies that the soldier being forced to go to the war shall refuse to fight in order to ensure their own safety. But, the soldier still goes to the front-line risking their own lives.
No one would join the Army if the first and second needs propounded by the Abraham Maslow’s model were really the only prime basic motivation to act.
Then, what is it that makes an individual to join a risky profession such as the Armed Forces and risk/lose their own lives on the battlefield if it were not any need responsible for it?
There are several choices or options to choose from before the individual such as a teaching job, engineering, medical profession, etc.
But, the person chooses to join the Army only.
The person does so because of their own DESIRE or ASPIRATION which in turn may be a result of several other factors such as the attractive pay scale and other facilities provided by the Armed Forces. Attracted by such alluring factors, the person develops a DESIRE or ASPIRATION to join the Army and consequently tries/acts to join it. The person joins the Army if successful in doing so.
Thus, it is not the NEED, but the DESIRE or the ASPIRATION that MOTIVATES any Maanav in the world.
The Lord Shev’s hierarchy of aspirations model as implicit in the division of the week into seven days with each day associated with a particular deity and specialised function explains the Maanav Motivation far better than the Abraham Maslow’s model as the succeeding discussion shows.
According to the Lord Shev’s ASPIRATIONAL MODEL, each Maanav aspires or desires basically to fulfil SEVEN BASIC DESIRES. It is these seven basic desires or aspirations that motivate or make an individual behave in a certain manner or way.
The first and foremost ASPIRATION or DESIRE is the MAINTENANCE/UPKEEP OF ONE’S OWN HEALTH.
Each Maanav accords the first preference to their own health. They may not either act or continue acting in a certain manner if it adversely affects their own health.
Once having fulfilled the DESIRE or ASPIRATION to become healthy, the individual DESIRES or ASPIRES for the WEALTH (Money, Property, Vehicles, etc.) next.
The person would not desire or aspire for the wealth if achieving the same affected adversely their own health. They would instead take care of their own health, first.
The person DESIRES or ASPIRES for the prevention of their own diseases once the first and the second desires or aspirations are fulfilled.
Having acquired the wealth, the person wishes to enjoy its benefits and that can only be done if the person doesn’t fall ill or a prey to diseases. Hence, the DESIRE or ASPIRATION for the PREVENTION OF DISEASES.
Having ensured a good HEALTH, WEALTH and PREVENTION OF THE DISEASES, the person next DESIRES or ASPIRES to become STRONG and SAFE in a comprehensive sense.
The person wishes to be strong enough physically, mentally, socially, politically, spiritually, etc., and aspires to be SAFE in all these respects, too. It’s so because it is only the STRENGTH and SAFETY that would now enable them to enjoy their own WEALTH and other blessings of the life.
The fulfilling of the first four DESIRES or ASPIRATIONS leads the individual to DESIRE or ASPIRE for LONGEVITY. It’s so because the individual is unable to think of enjoying the WEALTH without tensions if they learn of their own lives being short. This leads to further worries, tensions, etc. Hence, the DESIRE or ASPIRATION to have a relatively longer span of life.
The person having been freed from the worries about a good HEALTH, WEALTH, DISEASE PREVENTION, and LONGEVITY then naturally come to have a DESIRE or ASPIRATION to enjoy the PLEASURES of any type available in the world.
The PLEASURE consists of two subsets:
(i) The MATERIAL PLEASURES (Sensual -The Singing, Dancing, etc., and Cerebral – The Reading, Writing, etc.)
(ii) The SPIRITUAL PLEASURES (The Yoga, Meditation, Prayer, etc.)
The person often neglects the impending danger to their own lives/shareers as a result of the reckless enjoyment of various pleasures, especially the sensual ones.
The general observation shows that most of the healthy and wealthy people care least about their own physical shareers or impending life-threats and instead concentrate on using their own health and wealth resources to enjoy pleasures such as the drinking, gambling, extra-marital sex, etc.
It’s only after their own actions or other uncontrollable factors cause a danger to their own lives that they finally act to PROTECT themselves from UNTIMELY DEATH and accordingly seek ways and means to prevent it.
Thus, the SEVEN BASIC DESIRES or ASPIRATIONS act as the sequential motivational cycle that causes the Maanavas to behave as they normally behave!
The SEVEN BASIC DESIRES or ASPIRATIONS can be summarised as follows:
(1) Aspiration for a good HEALTH or a-Health.
(2) Aspiration for WEALTH or a-Wealth.
(3) Aspiration for DISEASE-PREVENTION or a-DisPreven.
(4) Aspiration for STRENGTH and SAFETY or a-StrenSa.
(5) Aspiration for LONGEVITY or a-Life.
(6) Aspiration for PLEASURE or a-Pleasure.
(7) Aspiration for UNTIMELY DEATH-PREVENTION or a-DePreven.
Further research shall be useful to understand further the Shev’s hierarchy of aspirations model!
~ Dr Swaamee Aprtemaanandaa Jee
(Fotos/Drawings: Courtesy the Google, Dr Swaamee Aprtemaanandaa Jee)
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