Yoga Vidya International

Community on Yoga, Meditation, Ayurveda and Spirituality

Sadharana Dharma:
what is right in terms of the common duties and obligations to one's fellow human beings

Saguna:
manifest, referring to manifest aspects of Brahman

Saivites:
devotees of the deity Shiva

Sakara:
'with form', referring to the manifest aspects of Brahman

Sakti:
the female active energy in the universe

Samadhi:
absorption, bliss, trance

Sama Veda:
'Knowledge of Chants', one of the four Vedas

Samsara:
worldly life or reincarnation

Samskaras:
rituals and rites in one's life cycle

Sanatana Dharma:
what is right for the universe; it is also synonymous with Hinduism

Sankhya:
Vedic philosophy of cosmic principles

Sannyasin/Sannyasa:
person at the last of the four stages of life, the stage of the wandering ascetic, stage of life of renunciation and liberation

Sanskrit:
Vedic and mantric language

Santana Dharma:
the eternal teaching; traditional name for the Hindu religion

Santosi Ma:
a modern Hindu goddess of prosperity and wish-fulfilment

Saptapadi:
the seven steps taken by a couple during their marriage ceremony symbolizing seven different wishes for the future

Saraswati:
Goddess of speech, learning, knowledge and wisdom

Sari:
traditional dress for women consisting of a piece of material of five or six metres long which is draped around the body

Sat:
the Being, Truth and Reality associated with Brahman as opposed to the non-being (asat) of the phenomenal world

Sati:
voluntary burning of a widow on her husband's funeral pyre

Sati:
consort of the God Shiva, also called Uma

Sattva:
quality of truth or light; one of the three gunas or qualities in existence, associated with the preserving God Vishnu and representing light and spiritual evolution

Sautrantika:
Buddhist philosophy of the momentariness of all things

Savitar:
Vedic Sun god as the guide of Yoga

Savitr:

Vedic solar deity
Shakti:
the power of consciousness and spiritual evolution

Shankara:
the great philsopher of non-dualistic Vedanta

Shiva:
form of the Hindu trinity governing destruction and transcendence

Shudras:
people of sensate values

Shunyavada:
Buddhist philosophy that everything is void

Sita:
the wife of Rama in the Hindu epic the Ramayana and an avatar of the Goddess Lakshmi

Shiva:
one of the three trinities in Hinduism, the god of Destruction

Skanda:
the God of war

Smrti:
literally 'memory' or 'remembered': a category of sacred scriptures which contains much popular and devotional literature

So'ham:
natural mantric sound of the breath

Soma:
Vedic God of bliss or equated also with a potent hallucinogenic drink

Sraddha:
ceremonies for the deceased in the twelve days following cremation

Srauta:
official sacrificial ritual of the Vedic period

Sri/Shri:
the Goddess Lakshmi, consort of Lord Vishnu; also an honorific added before names as a mark of respect

Srotas:
channel systems used in Ayurvedic medicine

Sruti:
category of sacred scriptures which are 'heard' or cognized by the ancient seers

Sudra:
the fourth of the Hindu four classes, traditionally the servant class

Surya:
Vedic Sun God or god of the enlightened mind

Svadharma:
what is right for an individual

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