MAYURASANA [Peacock pose]:
The Sanskrit word mayura means ‘peacock’. This asana is so called because its final pose resembles a peacock with full plumage.BENEFITS: Mayurasana is a unique asana in that it vigorously stimulates the entire body processes. It stimulates the blood circulation and the process of metabolism. It thereby helps to purify the blood and in turn the whole body. Mayurasana massages and stimulates all the digestive organs. It is very useful for treating diabetes, constipation, flatulence, sluggishness in the liver and kidneys, etc. It is a very useful asana for many types of digestive ailments and also helps to keep the digestive system in good efficient order.LIMITATIONS: Mayurasana should not be practiced if you suffer from any of the following ailments: 1-High blood pressure 2-any Heart ailments 3-Hernia 4-Peptic or duodenal ulcers. Do not attempt to do mayurasana if you are even slightly ill or if you feel any physical weakness. Pregnant women are strictly advised not to practice mayurasana.
TIME OF PRACTICE AND SEQUENCE: Practice when the stomach is empty. Like most asana, the best time to practice is early in the morning before breakfast. Mayurasana should be done at the end of your asana program.
BREATHING: Normal breathing in the starting pose. Deep inhalation before raising the body to the final pose. Beginners can hold their breath in the final pose for as long as is comfortable. Advanced practitioners can breathe slowly and deeply in the final pose.
AWARENESS: Awareness should be on balance in the final pose.
DURATION: Stay in the final pose either: 1-for as long as you can hold your breath, 2-while breathing deeply for as long as you feel no undue fatigue.
TECHNIQUE: Mayurasana is mentioned in most of the well-known scriptures of hatha yoga. In the Gherand Samhita it says:
” Place your palms on the floor with the elbows on the each side of the navel. Raise your whole body in the air as though it a bundle of sticks. This is called Mayurasana by yogis” {v.2: 30} 
In the Hatha Yoga Pradipika it says:
” Lie flat on the ground. Rest your body on the elbows keeping both sides of the navel in contact with the elbows. Raise your whole body off the ground just like a log of wood parallel to the ground. This is called mayurasana.” {v.1: 30}
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