Doshas in Ayurveda: A Guide For Beginners

Doshas in Ayurveda: A Guide For Beginners

Ayurveda has a history of being one of the oldest medicinal and holistic approach to a healthy life. With a focus on living and eating habits, Ayurveda offers complete body healing. The center point of Ayurveda revolves around five elements: space, water, earth, fire, and air. A combination of one or more elements forms doshas in Ayurveda.

The following are the three primary doshas in Ayurveda. Check them out.

  • Vata

  • Pitta

  • Kapha


Characteristics of Different Doshas in Ayurveda

Anyone can determine their yoga doshas based on various elemental, mental, physical, or emotional characteristics. With that said, let’s explore different characteristics of doshas in Ayurveda. Read on.



Air and space are the two dominant elements in Vata yoga dosha. People having Vata yoga dosha are slim, athletic, and energetic. Getting easily distracted is one of the qualities of the person having dominant Vata yoga doshas.

However, they are also able to think outside the box. People around them, the food they eat, or the weather affects their mood a lot. Hence, in short, you can say that Vata dominant people are very moody.


Strong Points of Vata

Vata dominant people are creative beings and quick learners. Also, they are good at multi-tasking. Physically they are slim and quick on their feet.



Very unstable and moody nature tends to hamper their overall growth. Moreover, Vata dominant doshas in Ayurveda are highly sensitive to cold.



Fire and water elements are dominant in the Pitta dominant yoga doshas. Summer is the season in which Pitta dosha personalities blossom as it is a season of hot days. Pitta dominant personalities have strong physiques with more muscle mass on their bodies.

They also come out as good leaders. Pitta dominant people are highly competitive and goal-oriented. However, the tenacious nature could lead to conflict with others.


Strong Points of Pitta

They are self-determined and quick learners. Furthermore, Pitta dominant souls have a strong desire to learn new things. Also, a quick metabolic rate ensures they remain in a healthy fat zone with muscle on their body frame.



When hungry, Pitta personalities have severe mood swings. Also, they cannot tolerate hot weather and easily get impatient.



Earth and water elements are dominant in Kapha doshas in Ayurveda. Hence, they are stable and heavy but cold and slow. Spring is the favorite season of people having dominant Kapha dosha. They have thicker bones and generally caring in nature.

Getting upset happens rarely in people with dominant Kapha yoga doshas. Thus, they even act as support because of their caring nature.


Strong Points of Kapha

People with Kapha dosha are calm and empathetic towards others. Hence, they turn out to be caring and romantic beings. Moreover, thicker bones and strong immunity are one of the strong points of people with Kapha yoga dosha.



Slower metabolism leads to the accumulation of excessive fat on their bodies. This could also lead to various breathing issues and the need for more sleep. With emotional elements, they tend to get trapped in depression easily.


Exercises Recommended to Doshas in Ayurveda

Every yoga dosha needs a different approach to exercise. Let’s have a closer look at what should people with different doshas do.



Since they are already active, they can easily focus on intensive exercise routines. For instance, running, cycling, swimming, faster yoga forms like Vinyasa or Ashtanga can be easy play for them.



Make sure, Pitta dominant people don’t exercise in excessive heat. Also, team sports could be a perfect choice for people having dominant Pitta yoga doshas.



With limited movement, an intensive exercise routine might be suitable for people with Kapha yoga dosha. Also, they should have a buddy with whom they can practice yoga or do any exercise. Moreover, Kriya yoga could be a perfect choice for them.


Wrap Up

Ayurveda focuses on healing the body and mind while focusing on the balance of different elements in your body. Any minute imbalance could lead to poor health and other health issues. Therefore, it is important you should work on the overall development and balance of your doshas in Ayurveda.

The best way to balance your life is to practice yoga and eat healthy food. Just eat, rest, and work out for a perfect life.

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