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I think mantras exist in all languages when they are personal mantras. I mean in the sense that you repeat things to yourself daily - these repetitions start to effect you. For example, your own personal mantra may be "I'm too old," or "I'm too tired" or your personal mantra might be "I can do that!"
Because many people by nature are loathe to think for themselves some kind yogis came up with traditional mantras. I don't know of yogis who came up with mantras that were not in the language they spoke. For example, the ones who spoke Hindi said them in Hindu, the ones who knew Sanskrit used that language, Yogi Bhajan made some in English. When a large number of people invest energy into a word, for example "Om" it starts to take a life of it's own. Then it become possible to derive comfort from the word even if you don't speak the same language.
This is my opinion
In yoga basically mantras are recited in sanskrit but i think it can be recited in any language you are comfortable with.Mantras are usually used for increasing focus and also for peace.You can chant words in your own language which leads to mindfulness.
manha trayate iti mantra, Mantra means that which delivers or controls your mind. mantras can be in any language, not necessary Sanskrit but mantra should be coming from a proper paramapara or lineage, then you can recite mantra in any language, there are sabr mantra by Lord Gorakhnath who is incarnation of Shiva he started sabar mantras which are in local language not Sanskrit, but they are as effective as any other mantra. the source should be bonafide, then the mantra is also bonafide be it any language,
manha trayates iti mantra...define meaning of Mantra...
"which swim across mind"....
Mantra means "using mind as an instrument to swim across"...
Mantra doesnot mean chirping a word or sentence like a parrot or a gramophone...
Though it has significance only upto little dilution of mind...
I think, Mantras should be only in Sanskrit.
Yoga Teacher Training India
similar to a software program, which cannot be written in any other language or style, other than the specific programming languages, mantras are also predesigned and predefined programs that are executed in a beings inner psyche and hence the outcomes are experienced. Sanskrit being the language which has its origin in deep realms of the vigyanmay koshas of those who were searching for a way to establish a line of communication across various dimensions, was found to be the most suitable language.
Please remember that Mantras can be used by all for various purposes. But the frequency of sound, phonetics and emphasis on the pronunciation, and vibrations associated with each alphabet are unique to mantras. We can sing them just to create some very positive and beautiful vibrations around, or we can activate them (Mantra Jagriti) by using a specific methodology. In all these cases the underlying principle of using mantras are going to be the same.
Sam Ved, the third of the Vedas, talks in details about mantras, their formation and their usage. We will try to have some insights into that at some suitable occasion.
hope i am helpful in any possible manner.
Chanting helps in stilling mind...
Real naturally realise itself in that stillness...